Started by Charles Geschke and John Warnock following their departure from Xerox PARC, they started working on PostScript, a page description language eventually used in desktop publishing.
Following PostScript, Adobe set to work on creating digital fonts for computers. Their first standard, called Type 1, was licensed to Microsoft. Adobe went on to create the OpenType font format in 1996 and in 2003, they finished converting the Type 1 font library to OpenType font.
The first Adobe software product was Adobe Illustrator which, interestingly enough, was a piece of software that originated from their own in-house font-creating software. Adobe then released perhaps their most popular product to date in 1989: Photoshop.
The day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Walt Disney received an early morning call from his studio manager. “Walt, the army is moving in on us,” the man said. “They came up and said that wanted to move in. I said I’d have to call you and they said ‘Call him, but we’re moving in anyway.’ ” With that, five hundred US Army troops marched into the Disney studio. Part of the force stationed in the hills around Los Angeles to protect airplane factories, they repaired equipment in the large sound stage, stored ammunition in the parking sheds, and posted guards at all the entrances. They remained at the studio - the only Hollywood facility the army took over - for eight months. Thus the Disney Studio began it’s encounter with the American government and the War.
Disney’s war effort is often overlooked and throughout the war Disney Studio’s created 400,000 feet of educational war films inc the classic Donald Duck; Der Fuehrer’s Face as well as creating over 1,200 emblems and insignia at cost and even at a loss. A remarkable feat considering the occupation of his studio the the loss of key animators who were drafted.
One day in 1942, when new Navy torpedo boats were being launched, Lieutenant E. S. Caldwell, then of the Naval Operations office in Washington, wrote a letter to Walt Disney in Hollywood. He asked Disney to design an emblem appropriate for this new fleet of “mosquito boats.” A few days later, back to the fleet came an emblem. It was a little mosquito, streaking through the water with a tar’s hat on his head and a shiny torpedo held between his many legs. The insignia was such a hit that every torpedo boat in the fleet soon had a Disney mosquito.
It’s always enlightening and inspiring to look at company brand guidelines, particularly for large brands such as Skype, I Love New York, FourSquare and even NASA. A great resource available in one place!
Comprising of 6 x 10” vinyl, 7 x CD, 2 x DVD, folded screenprinted poster, and 4 x photographic prints, are sandwiched between two thick pieces of black MDF and held together with four large screws. The physical interaction and raw industrial materials remind of the tactile sounds of Amon Tobin’s music.
Also, check out a nice little making of video by Think Tank Media who produced the box set.
The Ghostsigns Project, is a collaborative national effort to photograph, research and archive the remaining examples of hand painted wall advertising in the UK and Ireland.
Typically, Ghostsigns are faded remains of advertising that was once painted by hand onto the brickwork of buildings. They can be found in cities, towns and villages across the country advertising many different products and services, some familiar, some less so.
Many signs have survived until today but many more have been lost due to weathering, being painted over or their host building being destroyed. The project has created a permanent record of their existence for the benefit of our own and future generations’ understanding of this important but often overlooked part of our commercial, craft and advertising history. The work of pulling this together has been co-ordinated among photographers, researchers and other volunteers via the web and is now available as an online archive hosted by the History of Advertising Trust.
Check out their website and their Flickr group. If you spot any why not photograph it and submit it to the archive!